Are Saints perfect?
I love Saint Jerome, partly because he was so bad tempered. There is the story that Pope Honorius was passing an icon of Jerome beating his breast with a stone, and said, "Ah, Jerome but for those stones you would be in hell rather than heaven". The Blessed Margaret Pole in her old age did not go quietly to her death but had to be physically restrained by the axeman. Newman could be a passionate friend but an equally passionate enemy.
Even the Holy Apostle Peter, not only denied Christ three times, but was rebuked by Paul for eating and drinking happily with gentiles and some Jews turn up and then becomes hyper Kosher.
In the controversy over Pius XII what are we concerned about, is it that he was perfect every human way or that he is heaven? Like every human he is complex, he was a hypochondriac, into rather odd therapies, he had that strange woman, the "Papessa" bossing him around, he seemed to be almost childlike with his pets, apparently he used to practice posing for the cameras in front of the mirror.
The whole issue of Pius XII and the Jews is complex, primarily he was a diplomat, used to working with nuanced speech and action behind the scenes. It cannot be denied that he worked tirelessly for the Jews of Rome and Italy, having them hid in convents and monasteries, through out Italy, the city and in the Vatican itself.
It is however true that never during the war did he actually denounce the persecution and murder of the Jews. It seems unlikely that he was unaware of concentration camps, he might have lacked certain knowledge, or even have disbelieved the reports he received. It is certain that the Nazis regarded him as an enemy. My personal thoughts are that he simply did not know what to do, that he feared direct opposition to Hitler and his policies would bring down even worst horrors not just on Jews but on Slavs and Catholics in general. His speaking out would do little good except to undermine the little influence the Church actually had. Undermining Hitler's power base by excommunicating Catholics who supported him, or fought in his army would have opened Europe to Stalin who was not just an atheist but an even worst mass murderer.
Until the publication of "Hitler's Pope" in the 1969 Pius XII was lauded by Jews and Christians alike. He was certainly not Hitler's Pope but I suspect he was a man unable to comprehend the evil that was before him.
Holiness is not about a success, it is about trying to co-operate with Grace, heroically battling with oneself. The very contradictions, the objections to Pius' beatification convince me of his holiness.
What those who examine his cause should be concerned with, is simply to ask, "Is he in heaven?" and "Is he an example of Christian perseverance?"